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As we age, increasing frailties, caused by various conditions such as heart disease and stroke, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson disease, vision deterioration, arthritis, diabetes, incontinence and others results in our needing more and more support.

Some, or a combination of these conditions can place a significant burden on a care giver or may even be beyond the ability of that care giver to provide adequately.  The loss of a spouse as primary care giver and changing family structures, attitudes and abilities to provide that support, require seniors to seek suitable alternatives among retirement homes,  in(and affordable) supports.  These include retirement communities, independent living, independent supportive living, assisted living, long-term care homes, nursing homes or continuing care,  alzheimer care, hospice care, palliative care, home care and community support.

The following table sets out the results of the 2006 PALS survey (Participation  and Activity Limitation Survey 2006).  The methodology and a definition of the frailties is set out separately.  Limitations include those related to hearing, seeing, speech, mobility, agility, pain, learning, memory, developmental, psychological and "unknown".

Frailty Incidence, Canada

2006 Health and Activity Limitations Surveys
Average of male and female 65 to 74   over 75
Mild 13.6%   18.5%
Moderate 8.4%   12.9%
Severe 7.8%   15.2%
Very Severe 3.3%    9.3%
  33.1%   55.9%

Source: Statistics Canada, Participation  and Activity Limitation Survey 2006

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